The development of Chinese ceramics
During the Six Dynasties (220 AD - 581 AD), the rapidly emerging Buddhist art had a corresponding influence on ceramics, leaving a clear trace of the style of the work in this season. In 581 AD, the Sui Dynasty seized power and ended the long-term split between the North and the South, but it was only ruled by the Tang Dynasty in 618 AD. Sui Dynasty porcelain also began to rise in the city.
The Tang Dynasty (AD 618 to AD 970) was considered a great period in the history of Chinese art. The ceramic technology has been greatly improved, and many fine porcelain varieties have appeared in large quantities, which are measured by today's standards for inspection. They are also considered to be genuine high-quality porcelain. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, the chaos of the heroes began. It was followed by a dynasty vying for the situation, that is, the Five Dynasties. This situation continued until 960 AD. In the chaos of successive years, there has been a new ceramic variety, Chai Kiln Porcelain (Xiao Kiln). The quality of the texture is widely known, but it is extremely rare.
From the ceramic industry to the Song Dynasty (AD 960-1279), it flourished and began to export to Europe and the South Sea. Many famous kiln with their own characteristics, represented by 钧, 汝, Guan, Ge (official kiln) and Ding (min kiln), have risen all over the country, and the products are increasingly rich in color varieties.
In 1280, the Yuan Dynasty was established, and the Shufu kiln appeared. Jingdezhen began to become the center of China's ceramic industry, and its reputation has spread all over the world. The white porcelain produced in Jingdezhen is in sharp contrast with the under-glazed blue ornamentation. Since then, the blue-and-white porcelain has been deeply loved by people in various historical periods.
The rule of the Ming Dynasty began in 1368 until 1644. During this period, Jingdezhen's ceramics manufacturing industry was the best in the world, and it stood out in the process technology and art level, especially the blue-and-white porcelain reached its peak. In addition, Fujian's Dehua kiln, Zhejiang's Longquan kiln, and Hebei's Cizhou kiln are also famous for their high-quality ceramics.
The Qing Dynasty ruled for more than two hundred years. Among them, the three generations of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong were considered to be the most glorious period of the ceramic industry under the rule of the Qing Dynasty. The products with more complicated craftsmanship were often rich in various color glazes and glazes. In the late Qing Dynasty, government corruption, the decline of the national economy, and the poverty of the people, China's ceramic manufacturing industry is deteriorating.
Republic of China
After the founding of the Republic of China, some ceramic research institutions were established in various places, but in addition to following the previous generation, the products simply copied some foreign designs without development. At the beginning of the Republic of China, the warlord Yuan Shikai attempted to restore the monarchy. He had specially made a number of porcelains known as "Hong Xian". The porcelains were technically inferior, mainly based on pastels and old style. Due to frequent civil wars, foreign invasions, and the people are not living, the entire ceramic industry has also been completely defeated. Until the founding of New China, there have been no products that have attracted attention.