Knowledge Sharing -Chinese Ceramic Culture

- Nov 27, 2018-

Ceramic culture

Ceramics are the general term for pottery and porcelain. Ceramic is a kind of arts and crafts, but also a folk culture. China is one of the world's long-established ancient civilizations and has made many significant contributions to the progress and development of human society. The achievements in ceramic technology and art are especially important.

In China, the production of ceramics can be traced back to the era from 4,500 to 2,500 years ago. It can be said that an important part of the history of the Chinese nation is the history of ceramic development, the achievements of Chinese people in science and technology, and The pursuit and shaping of beauty is embodied in many aspects through ceramic production, and forms the typical technical and artistic characteristics of each era.

Hand-painted gold coffee cup and dish

Development history editor

A thousand years before the mastering of porcelain making technology in Europe, China has been able to produce quite fine porcelain. From the perspective of the history of China's ceramics development, it is generally divided into two major categories of ceramics and porcelain. The carcass has no densely sintered clay and porcelain stone products, collectively referred to as pottery. Among them, the part with a higher firing temperature and a better degree of sintering is called "hard ceramic", and the one that glaze is called "glazed pottery". The clay or porcelain stone products which are fired at a high temperature and have a relatively compact carcass and excellent glaze quality are called "porcelain". The development of traditional Chinese ceramics has experienced a long period of history, with various types and special crafts. Therefore, in addition to the technically rigid indicators of Chinese traditional ceramics, it is necessary to integrate traditional traditional habit classification methods, combining ancient and modern technology. Only by understanding the changes can we draw conclusions more effectively. [1] 

From the legendary Yellow Emperor to the Xia Dynasty (about the 21st century BC - 16th century BC), it was marked by painted pottery. Among them are the more typical Yangshao culture and the later Majiayao and Qijia culture found in Gansu.

A large number of beautifully painted pottery excavations were unearthed at the prehistoric site of Banpo, Xi'an, which is amazing. For thousands of years, in addition to daily catering utensils, the things used in ritual etiquette have also greatly developed. From the period of the Han Dynasty between 206 BC and 220 AD, the creative materials of artists and artisans were no longer dominated by jade and metal, and pottery was given more attention. During this period, the firing technique developed, and the more glazed pottery appeared in general. The word “porcelain” began to appear in Chinese characters. At the same time, through the trade routes between Xinjiang and Persia to Syria, China began to interact with the Roman Empire to promote exchanges between East and West cultures. From the ceramics in this period, the clues of external influences can also be seen.